- A new report from the CDC found that more children and teens have been going to the emergency room for mental health issues.
- The number of teenage girls visiting the emergency room for eating disorders has nearly doubled during the pandemic.
- Experts say the stress and fear of the pandemic may have increased the risk of teens developing eating disorders.
Throughout the pandemic, lockdowns, social isolation, and relentless anxiety and fear related to COVID-19 have led to an increase in depression, anxiety, and trauma-related mental health issues among children and teenagers.
The proportion of mental health visits among children aged 5 to 11 increased by 24% from March to October 2020 and by 31% among adolescents aged 12 to 17.
The proportion of ED visits related to eating disorders doubled among teenage girls.
The lack of structure in teens’ daily routines, emotional distress, and fluctuations in food availability likely contributed to the rise in eating disorders, the researchers said.
Additionally, concerns about the development or spread of COVID-19 may have caused some mentally ill patients to delay care and treatment early in the pandemic, resulting in worsening symptoms over time.
“Eating disorders can develop at any time. When you add COVID stress and uncertainty to the mix, the combination can be disastrous,” said Allison ChasePhD, Eating Disorder Specialist and Clinical Psychologist with Food recovery center.
According to Chase, eating disorders were on the rise before the pandemic.
In less than a decade, the rate of eating disorders has increased by 119 percent in children under 12 years old. Anorexia is now the third common chronic disease in adolescents, after asthma and obesity, Chase said.
the National Eating Disorders Association saw a 58% increase in calls, texts and chats from March 2020 to October 2021.
Chase says social isolation and lockdowns have likely fueled the eating disorders.
“Eating disorders thrive in isolation and secrecy, so the pandemic might have exacerbated that in some people,” Chase said.
Eating disorder specialists also believe that the uncertainty, fear and anxiety related to COVID-19 have also contributed to eating disorders.
“For those more predisposed to an anxious temperament, as seen in those with eating disorders, it makes sense that emotional discomfort intensifies, leading to an increase in eating disorders,” Chase said.
Erin ParksPhD, Clinical Psychologist and Clinical Director of Virtual Eating Disorders Treatment Provider Equipclaims that school closures have created social isolation for teenagers, which has led them to spend more time on social media.
“Research has recently emerged showing how social media can exacerbate poor body image, promote dieting culture and trigger eating disorders,” Parks said.
Additionally, many families have experienced financial hardship and eating disorders tend to increase during times of food insecurity, Parks said.
Teens with eating disorders tend to compare their appearance or body shape and size to others.
Behavioral changes, as well as fluctuations in physical appearance, are also common.
“Often, children with body image issues withdraw from social activities or show inappropriate or excessive sadness, anger or guilt,” Chase said.
Some may limit the amount of food they eat or suddenly say they don’t like certain foods they used to enjoy.
Hiding food, secretly eating, starting a new diet, obsessing over physical activity and going to the bathroom after meals are also common signs, according to Allie WeiserPsyD, education and resources manager at the National Alliance for Eating Disorders.
Parks recommends making an appointment with your child’s pediatrician or primary care physician.
“The doctor will want to check their height and weight, vital signs, and may order lab work or an EKG,” Parks said.
The earlier processing is launched, the more effective it will be.
Weiser recommends that parents take the time to learn more about eating disorders. Many resources are available to guide parents and their children living with eating disorders.
Parks says some of his favorites are the National Eating Disorders Association, HEAL project, the National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Related Disordersand FEAST.
“Validate your child’s feelings, struggles, and express your support,” Weiser said.
Be aware of the stigma and shame surrounding eating disorders. Approach the conversation from a place of curiosity and avoid judgment or criticism, Park said.
Make it clear to your child that they didn’t choose to develop an eating disorder — they’re biopsychosocial and brain diseases, Weiser said.
Finally, take care of your own mental and physical health and consider join a support group to process your own emotions and find ways to cope as you help your child recover.
A new CDC report has found that the proportion of ED visits related to eating disorders has doubled among teenage girls during the pandemic. The rise in eating disorders can likely be attributed to the social isolation, fear and uncertainty felt by so many people during the pandemic.